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Comments from the Adaptation Futures Conference - Third International Climate Change Adaptation Conference, in Brazil, 12-16 May 2014.
KEY EMERGENT ISSUES ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND ADAPTATION
- Update on key emerging climate change and impacts science, including the latest on future extremes, sea level change, water supplies and landscape transformation: How will uncertainties change in the coming decade?
- Communicating climate risks to facilitate adaptation: What do people want and need to know and how best to understand and deliver information?
- Building adaptive capacity: Communities, institutions, and individuals lack sufficient capacity for implementation; What are the most effective ways to build capacity? What type of investments in capacity are appropriate and what scale of decision-making should be targeted?
- General public framing of climate change: their inclusion is key in adaptation processes and there is a need for further exploring this topic. This includes studies such as framing analysis, perception, mental models, value systems or discourse analysis of the media.
- Sustainable adaptation consider which are the possible repercussion adaptation strategies and practices have for sustainability. Not every adaptation practice is a good one, more attention is required therefore in practice that contribute to social (climate) justice and environmental integrity.
- Urban resiliency and adaptation strategies including Urban Governance
- Community Based Adaptation: local level adaptation efforts and lessons from vulnerable communities in both developing as well as developed countries.
- Examples of adaptations through case studies and best practices, including costs and benefits of implementing these options: What can we learn from past adaptations to environmental change? How can we foster adaptations to futures characterized by surprise, non-linear change and unexpected consequences?
- Explore monitoring and evaluation frameworks and results for adaptation in the context of scaled up funding for climate change adaptation and increasing implementation practices. This can draw on the wider lesson from the M&E of R&D and development agencies.
- Adaptation to 4 degrees Celsius warming: As mitigation options are exhausted or delayed how might we face the challenges of adapting to 4 degrees C of warming?
- Tracking adaptation finance: lessons from tracking and monitoring finance across international and national scales
- Microfinance for ecosystem-based adaptation: How microfinance help reduce local vulnerability at a scale that matters? What, where, and how?
- Funding priority research and adaptation: Who pays, and for what, where, and how?
- Enabling legal frameworks and institutional capacity to strengthen countries’ “readiness” to receive and manage significantly greater domestic and international flows of climate change finance: How estrategies based on barriers assessments and environmental innovativation can be implemented by different countries?
REGIONAL AND NATIONAL ADAPTATION EXPERIENCES
- Regional studies: Where are the places and people most vulnerable to climate change? What are their adaptation options and strategies for implementation?
- National experiences: Living and with drought in the Northeast Brazil region: the Brazilian experience.
- Seasonal climate-hydrological extremes in semiarid regions: Are we adapted?, how policy making can Interact with scientific studies in order to adapt to seasonal and long term droughts-floods on the region?
- Sectoral and integrated cross-sectoral adaptation planning: national examples
- Adaptation-development nexus in coastal-delta regions as well as rapidly growing urban areas. The nexus of development and security particularly in arid and semi-arid conflict-prone regions
- National Adaptation Plans: global UNFCCC mandate and national experience- role of institutions and governance at different levels
TOOLS FOR ADAPTATION
- Methodologies and results of vulnerability and impact assessments in the Latin American and Caribbean region and tools and methods for adaptation assessments: What approaches, tools, and methods are available for analising climate change vulnerability and impact and adaptation strategies.? How do we judge their effectiveness? How do we know whether investments in adaptive capacity and adaptation are working?
- Mapping climate impacts and vulnerability including scenarios/information analysis, interpretation, reporting and use, development and use of socio-economic scenarios for vulnerability & adaptation assessment
- Science-policy interface in adaptation; generating and providing climate and socio-economic information for adaptation
- Incorporating results of climate change vulnerability and impact assessment into national, sectoral and local adapation planning and public budgetting processes-mainstreaming tools and methods: experiences from national governments and development agencies